Health System Efficiency: A Fragmented Picture Based on OECD Data

from PharmacoEconomics – Open at http://bit.ly/2jKec1n on January 30, 2017 at 05:42AM Abstract Background Globally, health expenditure as a percentage of GDP has increased in recent years, so evaluating the health care systems used in different countries is an important tool for identifying best practices and improving inefficient health care systems. Objective We investigate health […]

The Potential Cost-Effectiveness of HIV Vaccines: A Systematic Review

from PharmacoEconomics – Open at http://bit.ly/2jNpAXS on January 30, 2017 at 05:42AM Abstract Objective The aim of this paper was to review and compare HIV vaccine cost-effectiveness analyses and describe the effects of uncertainty in model, methodology, and parameterization. Methods We systematically searched MEDLINE (1985 through May 2016), EMBASE, the Tufts Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) Registry, […]

HEDS Discussion Papers

from Health Economics and Decision Science Blog @ ScHARR at http://bit.ly/2jMjG96 on January 29, 2017 at 10:30PM In the last six months we’ve published the following DPs…. Family Lifestyle Dynamics and Childhood ObesityL A Gray, M Hernandez Alava, M P Kelly, M J Campbell Concordance of health states in couplesA Davillas, S Pudney Systematic review […]

Yuji Ijiri (1935-2017)

from Market Design at http://bit.ly/2k6shEG on January 29, 2017 at 11:53AM Yuji Ijiri passed away earlier this month. He was one of the pioneers of accounting as a form of information economics, with all that has meant for accounting rules as design features of organizations. Here’s the obituary from Carnegie Mellon University, where he taught […]

Which cancer treatment is best?

from Healthcare Economist at http://bit.ly/2jjSN0m on January 29, 2017 at 11:39AM This seems like a straightforward question, but clearly depends on what you mean by “best”.  Some drugs will be more efficacious and have more adverse events; other drugs may be less efficacious but have fewer adverse events.  What if a one drug shows an 80% improvement […]

Complexity of matching under substitutable preferences

from Market Design at http://bit.ly/2jKxmSn on January 29, 2017 at 05:54AM The Complexity of Stable Matchings under Substitutable PreferencesYuan Deng and Debmalya Panigrahi and Bo Waggoner Abstract In various matching market settings, such as hospital-doctor matching markets (Hatfield and Milgrom 2005), the existence of stable outcomes depends on substitutability of preferences. But can these stable […]

Misaligned Stakeholders and Health System Underperformance

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2kf2lch on January 28, 2017 at 05:37PM This paper summarizes the findings of the World Economic Forum’s Industry Agenda Council on the Future of the Health Sector’s two-year inquiry into underperformance of health systems. The Council found that misalignments (i.e., situations involving conflicting incentives, behaviour, structures, or policies) among key stakeholders […]

The Role of Marriage in Fighting HIV: A Quantitative Illustration for Malawi

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2kzEth6 on January 28, 2017 at 05:37PM How might policies that promote marriage and/or dissuade divorce help in the fight against HIV/AIDS? This question is addressed employing a choice-theoretic general equilibrium search model, using Malawi as a case study. In the framework developed, individuals can choose between married and single life. […]

The Effect of State Medicaid Expansions on Prescription Drug Use: Evidence from the Affordable Care Act

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2kzEgKN on January 28, 2017 at 05:37PM This study provides a national analysis of how the 2014 Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid expansions have affected aggregate prescription drug utilization. Given the prominent role of prescription medications in the management of chronic conditions, as well as the high prevalence of unmet health […]

DETERMINANTS OF OBESITY IN TURKEY: A QUANTILE REGRESSION ANALYSIS FROM A DEVELOPING COUNTRY

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2keROO4 on January 28, 2017 at 05:37PM This study investigates the factors that may influence the obesity in Turkey which is a developing country by implementing Quantile Regression (QR) methodology. The control factors that we consider are education, labor market outcomes, household income, age, gender, region and marital status. The analysis […]

The causal effects of retirement on mental health: Looking beyond the mean effects

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2kzJeHx on January 28, 2017 at 05:37PM We analyze the causal effect of retirement on mental health, exploiting differences in retirement eligibility ages across countries and over time using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. We estimate not only average effects, but also use distributional regression […]

Inspiration From The “Biggest Loser†: Social Interactions In A Weight Loss Program

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2keXnMB on January 28, 2017 at 05:37PM We investigate the role of heterogeneous peer effects in encouraging healthy and sustainable lifestyles. Our analysis revolves around one of the largest and most extensive databases about weight loss, which contains well over 10 million observations that track individual participants’ meeting attendance and progress […]

Gender Peer Effects Heterogeneity in Obesity

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2kzEVMd on January 28, 2017 at 05:37PM This paper explores gender peer effects heterogeneity in adolescent Body Mass Index (BMI). We propose a utility-based non-cooperative social network model with effort technology. We allow the gender composition to influence peer effects. We analyze the possibility of recovering the fundamentals of our structural […]

Simulated ACOs vs Real-World ACOs

from THCB at http://bit.ly/2k41qcz on January 28, 2017 at 01:08PM By KIP SULLIVAN CMS began two Medicare ACO experiments in 2012 – the Pioneer program and the Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP). Data on these programs available at CMS’s website paints a discouraging picture of the programs’ ability to cut costs. But two papers published […]

Validation of the French versions of the Hirschsprung’s disease and Anorectal malformations Quality of Life (HAQL) questionnaires for adolescents and adults

from Health and Quality of Life Outcomes at http://bit.ly/2kyqeZS on January 28, 2017 at 10:03AM The Hirschsprung’s disease Anorectal malformation QoL questionnaire (HAQL) is a disease-specific quality of life (QoL) questionnaire for patients with Hirschsprung’s disease (HD) or anorectal malformations (AR…