How might neighborhood built environment influence child maltreatment? Caregiver perceptions

from Social Science & Medicine at http://bit.ly/2BV7Kj4 on August 28, 2018 at 12:42PM Publication date: Available online 27 August 2018 Source: Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Bridget M. Haas, Kristen A. Berg, Megan M. Schmidt-Sane, Jill E. Korbin, James C. Spilsbury Abstract Rationale Child maltreatment remains a serious but potentially preventable public health concern in […]

Investigating inequities in hospital care among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals using social media

from Social Science & Medicine at http://bit.ly/2onTNkh on August 28, 2018 at 12:42PM Publication date: Available online 27 August 2018 Source: Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Yulin Hswen, Kara C. Sewalk, Emily Alsentzer, Gaurav Tuli, John S. Brownstein, Jared B. Hawkins Abstract Rationale Persons who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) face health […]

Estimating Informal Caregiving Time from Patient EQ-5D Data: The Informal CARE Effect (iCARE) Tool

from PharmacoEconomics at http://bit.ly/2PdmzPY on August 28, 2018 at 03:30AM Abstract Background Families and friends provide a considerable proportion of care for patients and elderly people. Caregiving can have substantial effects on caregivers’ lives, health, and well-being. However, because clinical trials rarely assess these effects, no information on caregiver burden is available when evaluating the […]

Every crisis has a silver lining? Unravelling the pro-cyclical pattern of health inequalities by income

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2LxvhX0 on August 28, 2018 at 12:01AM It is well known that income and health are positively associated. Much less is known about the strength of this association in times of growth and recession. We develop a novel decomposition method that focuses on isolating the roles played by government transfers versus […]

Why Is the Practice of Levirate Marriage Disappearing in Africa? HIV/AIDS as an Agent of Institutional Change

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2BTiZsi on August 28, 2018 at 12:01AM Levirate marriage, whereby a widow is inherited by male relatives of her deceased husband, has anecdotally been viewed as an informal safety net for widows who have limited property rights. This study investigates why this widespread practice in sub-Saharan Africa has recently been disappearing. […]

The Impact of Information Disclosure on Consumer Behavior: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment of Calorie Labels on Restaurant Menus

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2MT5HQR on August 28, 2018 at 12:01AM The impact of information on consumer behavior is a classic topic in economics, and there has recently been particular interest in whether providing nutritional information leads consumers to choose healthier diets. For example, a nationwide requirement of calorie counts on the menus of chain […]

Financial incentives and physician prescription behavior.Evidence from dispensing regulations

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2LxpDUt on August 28, 2018 at 12:01AM In many healthcare markets, physicians can respond to changes in reimbursement schemes by changing the volume (volume response) and the composition of services provided (substitution response). We examine the relative importance of these two behavioral responses in the context of physician drug dispensing in […]

The effect of co-payments in Long Term Care on the distribution of payments,consumption, and risk.

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2MSqMLc on August 28, 2018 at 12:01AM Population aging leads to concerns about the financial sustainability of collective long term care insurance systems. One way to keep public spending in check is by increasing the role of co-payments. An interesting feature of the copayments that have been introduced in the Netherlands […]

The Effect of Disenrollment from Medicaid on Employment, Insurance Coverage, Health and Health Care Utilization

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2BS8tkT on August 28, 2018 at 12:01AM This study examines the effect of a Medicaid disenrollment on employment, sources of health insurance coverage, health, and health care utilization of childless adults using longitudinal data from the 2004 Panel of the Survey of Income and Program Participation. From July through September 2005, […]

Shocks, vulnerability and income generating capacity of rural households: Evidence from Southeast Asia

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2MSIjmw on August 28, 2018 at 12:01AM Against the background of rising weather risks this paper seeks to understand how risks impact the income generating capacity of rural households in Southeast Asia. In this study, we use assets to predict households’ income generating capacity and examine the role of different shock […]

A Reevaluation of the Effects of State and Federal Dependent Coverage Mandates on Health Insurance Coverage

from Health Economics at http://bit.ly/2BTiIFM on August 28, 2018 at 12:01AM State governments have been passing laws mandating insurers to allow young adults to stay on their parents’ health insurance plans past the age of 19 since the 1970s. These laws were intended to increase coverage, but research has been inconclusive on whether they were […]

Healthcare for all

from Econsalut at http://bit.ly/2Ns7IAI on August 27, 2018 at 06:25PM The promise and peril of universal health care Poorly functioning health systems are a central challenge to realizing the benefits of UHC. Health systems in LMICs commonly suffer from a variety of… [[ This is a content summary only. Visit my website for full links, […]

Blog: Where do Literature Reviews Go Awry?

from tHEORetically Speaking: The HealthEconomics.Com Blog at http://bit.ly/2NqBLJ0 on August 27, 2018 at 06:25PM Beginning May 26, 2020, literature reviews will play a key role throughout clinical evaluation reports under new MEDDEV regulations, including in the establishment of state of the art, according to a tHEORetically speaking blog post by Evidence Partners Director of Marketing […]

NPC President: Paying for Value ‘Infinitely More Difficult to Execute’

from tHEORetically Speaking: The HealthEconomics.Com Blog at http://bit.ly/2oloiax on August 27, 2018 at 06:25PM While value-based payments are conceptually easy to understand, the implementation of alternative payment models is “infinitely more difficult to execute,” National Pharmaceutical Council President Dan Leonard says in a recent article published on Chain Drug Review. “Value is even harder to […]

Refining and supplementing candidate measures of psychological well-being for the NIH PROMIS®: qualitative results from a mixed cancer sample

from Quality of Life Research at http://bit.ly/2obCClH on August 27, 2018 at 01:30PM Abstract Purpose The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is a National Institutes of Health initiative designed to improve patient-reported outcomes using state-of-the-art psychometric methods. The aim of this study is to describe qualitative efforts to identify and refine items from psychological […]

Evaluation of the internal and external responsiveness of Short Form-12 Health Survey version 2 (SF-12v2) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

from Quality of Life Research at http://bit.ly/2wsebnR on August 27, 2018 at 01:30PM Abstract Purpose The evidence on the responsiveness of the Short Form-12 Health Survey version 2 (SF-12v2) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is limited. The aim of this study was to examine both the internal and external responsiveness of the […]

Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of eight pediatric PROMIS® item banks into Spanish and German

from Quality of Life Research at http://bit.ly/2PHUQrp on August 27, 2018 at 01:30PM Abstract Purpose The Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) is a National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded initiative to develop reliable, valid, and normed item banks to measure health. We describe the first large-scale translation and cross-cultural adaptation effort to German and Spanish […]

Combining online and in-person methods to evaluate the content validity of PROMIS fatigue short forms in rheumatoid arthritis

from Quality of Life Research at http://bit.ly/2wsdWcr on August 27, 2018 at 01:30PM Abstract Purpose Fatigue is frequent and often severe and disabling in RA, and there is no consensus on how to measure it. We used online surveys and in-person interviews to evaluate PROMIS Fatigue 7a and 8a short forms (SFs) in people with […]

Validity of the EQ–5D–5L and reference norms for the Spanish population

from Quality of Life Research at http://bit.ly/2obCtyF on August 27, 2018 at 01:30PM Abstract Background and objective The EuroQol 5 dimensions 5 levels (EQ–5D–5L) is the new version of EQ–5D, developed to improve its discriminatory capacity. This study aims to evaluate the construct validity of the Spanish version and provide index and dimension population-based reference […]

Diabetes symptoms predictors of health-related quality of life in adolescents and young adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes

from Quality of Life Research at http://bit.ly/2wsNxuP on August 27, 2018 at 01:30PM Abstract Objectives The objective was to investigate the patient-reported diabetes symptoms predictors of generic health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents and young adults (AYA) with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Methods The 15-item PedsQL™ 3.2 Diabetes Module Diabetes Symptoms Summary […]

Engaging patients and caregivers in prioritizing symptoms impacting quality of life for Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy

from Quality of Life Research at http://bit.ly/2PHX3TS on August 27, 2018 at 01:30PM Abstract Purpose Patient preference information (PPI) have an increasing role in regulatory decision-making, especially in benefit–risk assessment. PPI can also facilitate prioritization of symptoms to treat and inform meaningful selection of clinical trial endpoints. We engaged patients and caregivers to prioritize symptoms […]

Five approaches to the opioid crisis, by pharmacologists, doctors, insurers, prosecutors, and legislators

from Market Design at http://bit.ly/2MznOMj on August 27, 2018 at 01:10PM Five very different approaches to the opioid crisis–by1. pharmacologists/biologists, 2. physicians, 3. payers,  4. prosecutors, and 5.legislators: 1. From PNAS:Safer opioids may be on the horizon, but mitigating addiction is a long shot, by Jyoti Madhusoodanan 2. From Science:Opioid prescribing decreases after learning of […]

A healthy dose of realism: The role of optimistic and pessimistic expectations when facing a downward spiral in health

from Social Science & Medicine at http://bit.ly/2Nr0sFe on August 27, 2018 at 12:36PM Publication date: Available online 27 August 2018 Source: Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Judith G. Chipperfield, Jeremy M. Hamm, Raymond P. Perry, Patti C. Parker, Joelle C. Ruthig, Frieder R. Lang Abstract Rationale and objectives Whether expectations about future health are adaptive […]

Gender matters: Productive social engagement and the subsequent cognitive changes among older adults

from Social Science & Medicine at http://bit.ly/2wjRBOR on August 27, 2018 at 12:36PM Publication date: Available online 27 August 2018 Source: Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Yeonjin Lee, Wei-Jun Jean Yeung Abstract This study examines the relationships between productive social engagement and cognitive functioning trajectories of older adults in South Korea and how the nature […]

Adolescents in crisis: A geographic exploration of help-seeking behavior using data from Crisis Text Line

from Social Science & Medicine at http://bit.ly/2NiwWRM on August 27, 2018 at 12:36PM Publication date: Available online 26 August 2018 Source: Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Laura K. Thompson, Margaret M. Sugg, Jennifer R. Runkle Abstract Nearly 3 out of 4 all lifelong mental disorders occur by the age of twenty-four. Remote crisis support holds […]

Links

from Healthcare Economist at http://bit.ly/2whS4kD on August 27, 2018 at 03:03AM Some interesting reads to start off your week: Contracting and in-network providers. Cancer data sharing. Is one answer good enough for all? Parrot economics. Free medical school tuition at NYU.