What Does Society Value About Cancer Medicines? A Discrete Choice Experiment in the Belgian Population

from Applied Health Economics and Health Policy at http://bit.ly/2Mtj35F on July 30, 2019 at 05:48AM

Abstract

Background

Debate on pricing and reimbursement of cancer medicines highlights the need to establish the value of cancer medicines.


Objective

This study aims to elicit the trade-offs in cancer medicine characteristics that the Belgian population is willing to make.


Methods

A discrete choice experiment used six attributes with three levels each, based on literature and focus group discussions. The survey was sent to a random sample of 3500 Belgian citizens. Based on the choice of 961 respondents, individual parameters were estimated with a mixed logit model.


Results

Societal value of cancer medicines was positively affected by a higher number of patients eligible for treatment, a high initial life expectancy and quality of life of patients, a high gain in quality of life and life expectancy due to treatment, and a low treatment cost. The value of 1-year gain in life expectancy was independent from the initial life expectancy of the patient. However, the value of one-point gain in quality of life was higher for patients with a low initial quality of life than for patients with a high initial quality of life.


Conclusions

This study has shown that gain in quality of life with cancer medicines is valued higher by Belgian society for patients who have lower initial quality of life before the start of treatment.