Identifying the Effects of Scientific Information and Recommendations on Physicians’ Prescribing Behavior

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/2NCGTeN on June 29, 2020 at 09:20PM We investigate how the prescribing behavior of physicians reacts to scientific information and recommendations released by public authorities. Taking the example of antidepressant drugs, we use French panel data on exhaustive prescriptions made by a representative sample of general practitioners to more than 110,000 […]

Econometric Models of Fertility

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/2AeYl5X on June 29, 2020 at 09:20PM This paper reviews some key contributions to econometric analysis of human fertility in the last 20 years, with special focus on discussion of prevailing econometric modeling strategies. We focus on the literature that highlights the role of the key drivers of the birth outcomes, […]

Trust in the Time of Corona

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/2BPO1Se on June 29, 2020 at 09:20PM The global spread of COVID-19 is one of the largest threats to people and governments since the Second World War. The on-going pandemic and its countermeasures have led to varying physical, psychological, and emotional experiences, shaping not just public health and the economy but […]

Disparities in Vulnerability to Severe Complications from COVID-19 in the United States

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/3eLu7qf on June 29, 2020 at 09:20PM This paper provides the first nationally representative estimates of vulnerability to severe complications from COVID-19 overall and across race-ethnicity and socioeconomic status. We use the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) to examine the prevalence of specific health conditions associated with complications from COVID-19 […]

Did the Wisconsin Supreme Court Restart a COVID-19 Epidemic? Evidence from a Natural Experiment

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/3dLpjzA on June 29, 2020 at 09:20PM Both the White House and state governors have explicitly linked thresholds of reduced COVID-19 case growth to the lifting of statewide shelter-in-place orders (SIPOs). This “hardwired” policy endogeneity creates empirical challenges in credibly isolating the causal effect of lifting a statewide SIPO on COVID-19-related […]

Negative shocks predict change in cognitive function and preferences: Assessing the negative affect and stress hypothesis in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown mitigation strategy

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/2BcsdR2 on June 29, 2020 at 09:20PM In the context of the current COVID-19 pandemic, households throughout the world have to cope with negative shocks, either because of the disease or the various mitigation strategies that have caused massive unemployment and financial insecurity. Previous research has shown that negative shocks impair […]

Short-Term Impact of COVID-19 on Consumption and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Singapore

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/31tbBPC on June 29, 2020 at 09:20PM We examine the short-term impact of COVID-19 on consumption spending and labor market outcomes. Using monthly panel data of individuals mainly aged 50–70 in Singapore, we find that COVID-19 reduced consumption spending and labor market outcomes immediately after its outbreak, and its negative impact […]

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Regional Lockdown Policies in the Containment of Covid-19: Evidence from Pakistan

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/31FgHZh on June 29, 2020 at 09:20PM To slow down the spread of Covid-19, administrative regions within Pakistan imposed complete and partial lockdown restrictions on socio-economic activities, religious congregations, and human movement. Here we examine the impact of regional lockdown strategies on Covid-19 outcomes. After conducting econometric analyses (Regression Discontinuity and […]

Does the COVID-19 Pandemic Disproportionately Affect the Poor? Evidence from a Six-Country Survey

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/31FgNQD on June 29, 2020 at 09:20PM The COVID-19 pandemic has wrought havocs on economies around the world. Yet, barely any evidence currently exists on the distributional impacts of the pandemic. We provide the first study that offers new theoretical and empirical evidence on the distributional impacts of the pandemic on […]

Medical Device Companies and Doctors: Do their Interactions Affect Medical Treatments ?

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/3dtBZuN on June 22, 2020 at 08:44PM Medical device companies may play a role in the type of treatments provided to patients, namely by influencing physicians to use their products. Physicians interact frequently with medical device representatives, which raises concerns that these relationships might bias healthcare providers. Using data on payments […]

Ex ante Inequality of Opportunity in Health among the Elderly in China: A Distributional Decomposition Analysis of Biomarkers

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/3ephctH on June 22, 2020 at 08:44PM We present a comprehensive analysis of ex ante inequality of opportunity (IOp) in health among Chinese adults aged 60+ and decompose the contributions of different sets of circumstances. Data are drawn from the 2011 and 2015 waves of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal […]

Corona Fatality Development and the Environment: Empirical Evidence for OECD Countries

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/37SmKKQ on June 22, 2020 at 08:44PM This paper presents empirical results on coronavirus fatality rates from cross-country regressions for OECD countries. We include medical, environmental and policy variables in our analysis to explain the death rates when holding case rates constant. We find that the share of the aged population, […]

Women’s Work, Housework and Childcare, Before and During COVID-19

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/2YoWR2n on June 22, 2020 at 08:44PM Evidence from past economic crises indicates that recessions often affect men’s and women’s employment differently, with a greater impact on male-dominated sectors. The current COVID-19 crisis presents novel characteristics that have affected economic, health and social phenomena over wide swaths of the economy. Social […]

Analyzing Flooding Impacts on Rural Access to Hospitals and Other Critical Services in Rural Cambodia Using Geo-Spatial Information and Network Analysis

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/3ewkpYM on June 22, 2020 at 08:44PM Transport connectivity in Cambodia is challenged by its geography and exposure to recurrent flooding. Flood events create severe disruptions in segments of the transport network that undermine access to health, education, and work opportunities as well as create barriers to economic growth. Rural accessibility […]

COVID-19 and Social Distancing in the Absence of Legal Enforcement: Survey Evidence from Japan

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/2Byphh3 on June 22, 2020 at 08:44PM Do people keep social distance to mitigate the infection risk of COVID-19, even without aggressive policy interventions? The Japanese government did not restrict individuals’ activities despite the early confirmation of infections, and as a result, economic damages were limited in the initial stage of […]

The Sooner, the Better : The Early Economic Impact of Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions during the COVID-19 Pandemic

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/2Yov1Dj on June 22, 2020 at 08:44PM The size of the economic shocks triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic and the effects of the associated non-pharmaceutical interventions have not been fully assessed, because the official economic indicators have not been published. This paper provides estimates of the economic impacts of the non-pharmaceutical […]

Could Ramadan catalyze SARS-CoV-2 spread? Preliminary results

from Health Economics at https://bit.ly/2NkcaTF on June 22, 2020 at 08:44PM Around 1.8 billion Muslims worldwide celebrate in some extent the holy month of Ramadan during COVID-19 pandemic. Some increase their attendance worship sites and traditional dining in extended families, so infectious contact rates could increase. Moreover, fasting could increase the probability of acquiring SARS-CoV-2 […]